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Bibliography

Dillard, J.L. Black English. New York: Random House, 1972.

Hair, P.E.H. "Sierra Leone Items in the Gullah Dialect of American English." Sierra Leone Language Review, 4 (1965), 79-84.

Hamer, Philip M. and George C. Rogers, et al. (eds). The Papers of Henry Laurens (6 vols.). Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1968-1980.

Hancock, Ian F. "A Provisional Comparison of the English-based Atlantic Creoles." Sierra Leone Language Review, 8 (1969), 7=72.

——— "Gullah and Barbadian: Origins and Relationships." American Speech, 55 (1) (1980), 17-35.

——— The Texas Seminoles and their Language. Austin: University of Texas African and Afro-American Studies and Research Center, Series 2, No. 1, 1980.

Littlefield, Daniel C. Rice and Slaves: Ethnicity and the Slave Trade in Colonial South Carolina. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981.

Littlefield, Daniel E. Africans and Seminoles. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1977.

Opala, Joseph A. A Brief History of the Seminole Freedmen. Austin: University of Texas African and Afro-American Studies and Research Center, Series 2, No. 3, 1980.

——— "Seminole-African Relations on the Florida Frontier." Papers in Anthropology (University of Oklahoma),22 (1) (1981), 11-52.

——— "Sierra Leone: the Gullah Connection." (interview) West Africa, May 19, 1986, 1046-1048.

Porter, Kenneth Wiggins. The Negro on the American Frontier. New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1971.

Turner, Lorenzo D. Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect. (1949) Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1973.

Wallace, David Duncan. The Life of Henry Laurens. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1915.

Wood, Peter H. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 Through the Stono Rebellion. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1974.